International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
L5. Evaluación socioeconómica para la mitigación del riesgo de infraestructura crítica
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Resilience, Critical infrastructure, Drinking water, Natural hazard, Literature review
Many countries face increasing challenges related to risks to natural hazards. In order to address this situation, countries and communities have developed strategies to reduce risk levels of critical infrastructure systems and, therefore, improve their resilience. Among critical infrastructure systems, the production and distribution of drinking water is essential to ensure the recovery of society. Despite the importance of evaluating the resilience of critical infrastructures, in general, and drinking water systems, in particular, there is no universal definition or methodology for this. The present study conducted a comprehensive literature review regarding the concept and methodologies to evaluate the resilience of critical infrastructures, with special emphasis on drinking water systems. Based on this review, a definition of resilient drinking water system is proposed. Moreover, it has been evidenced that the evaluation of resilience should not only consider the technical dimension, but also the environmental, organizational, social and economic dimensions.