International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction Volume 50, November 2020, 101853
L2. Amenazas por procesos de aguas superficiales
Boris Saez, Gladys Gutiérrez, Claudio Oyarzo-Vera, Eduardo Nuñez, Catalina Quiñones, Romina Bobadilla, María Teresa Bull
Identificación de Amenazas
Concientización y preparación de la comunidad
Field survey, Damage assessment, Talcahuano, Tornado
On May 31st, 2019, a tornado hit the city of Talcahuano, Chile, generating significant damage to structures and leaving one person dead. The objective of the present paper is to report on damage to structures in Talcahuano. A preliminary survey was performed by the Municipality of Talcahuano and covered the entire affected area with a cellphone web application used to report the severity and distribution of damage. A more comprehensive damage survey was conducted in the Brisa del Sol neighborhood in the Medio Camino area by the UCSC team to assess the damage distribution within an area with well-defined and homogeneous building typologies. The results of the field surveys showed that the tornado behaved as a skipping tornado and that most damage to houses consisted of wall opening damage, roof sheathing failure, and wall cover removal (EF0), followed by partial roof removal (EF1). It was noticeable that self-built systems (house additions) were more damaged than original houses, which may be explained by the fact that such structures do not always meet minimum building standards. It is recommended that field surveys conducted by municipalities and the Ministry of Social Development consider typical damage types rather than just categories such as minor, moderate, or major. Finally, it is recommended that the feasibility of implementing mitigation measures such as stricter wind load provisions and dual-objective tornado design philosophy in the Concepción-Talcahuano area be analyzed.