L5. Evaluación socioeconómica para la mitigación del riesgo de infraestructura crítica
environmental policy, compensation demanded, public acceptability, perceived risk, social trust; environmental impacts, economic activity
This work advances the understanding of compensation demanded for environmental impacts on atmosphere, lakes and rivers, soil, and ocean generated by mining, urban, fishing and agriculture activities. Our aims are to determine whether compensation demanded depends on the standard variables used in the field of risk perception (as perceived risk, public acceptability and trust in regulating authorities), and to explore whether these relationships depend on the environment affected and on the economic activity generating the impacts. General Linear Models were used to analyze survey responses from 427 citizens of Santiago, Chile. Results showed that compensation demanded depends on perceived risk, acceptability, and on the economic activity, but not on the environment affected. Acceptability depends on trust in authorities, on perceived risk and on the economic activity. Perceived risk depends on trust, the economic activity and the environment affected. Overall, environmental impacts from the mining industry are perceived as riskier, less acceptable, and have a higher compensation demanded than those generated by the other sectors. These results suggest that to achieve sustainable development, regulations should consider not only environmental impacts but also the economic activity originating them.
- Virna Vaneza Gutiérrez, Industrial and Systems Engineering Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago 7820436, Chile. Industrial Engineering School, Universidad Diego Portales, Vergara 432, Santiago 8370190, Chile
- Luis Abdón Cifuentes, Industrial and Systems Engineering Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago 7820436, Chile. National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management, CONICYT/FONDAP/15110017, Santiago 7820436, Chile
- Nicolás C. Bronfman, Engineering Sciences Department, Universidad Andres Bello, Av. República 252, Santiago 8370134, Chile. National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management, CONICYT/FONDAP/15110017, Santiago 7820436, Chile