Miguel Medalla, Farzin Zareian.
Current seismic design requirements were established considering mainly (almost exclusively) ground motions caused by shallow crustal earthquakes, hence they might lead to different-from-intended risk levels when applied at locations prone to large-magnitude subduction (i.e. megathrust) earthquakes. In this study, the seismic behavior of 40 modern steel special moment frames (SSMFs) subjected to both megathrust and crustal ground motions is evaluated. Three analyses are performed: (1) a hazard-consistent analysis; (2) a comparative collapse risk evaluation; and (3) a performance evaluation following the approach indicated in Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) P695. Results indicate that the collapse probability of mid- and high-rise SSMFs subjected to megathrust ground motions is indeed larger than that under crustal ground motions. Modifications to the current design criteria are then suggested, intended not only for United States but also for countries, such as Ecuador, where the US seismic design requirements for steel structures were adopted and seismic ground motions are actually caused by megathrust earthquakes.