Journal of Geophysical Research
L1. Amenazas por procesos de tierra sólida
Dana E. Peterson, Nicolas Garibaldi, Katie Keranen, Basil Tikoff, Craig Miller, Andres Tassara, Clifford Thurber, Federica Lanza.
Ciencias de la Tierra
Análisis del riesgo y mitigación
Laguna del Maule, acoustic reflection, large silicic system, volcano tectonic interaction, volcanology
The Laguna del Maule volcanic field (LdMVF) in Chile, a rapidly inflating silicic volcanic system without historical eruption, is intersected by active regional faults. The LdMVF provides an opportunity to observe how faults influence, accommodate, or are driven by an actively deforming large silicic system. Here we use Compressed High Intensity Radar Pulse (CHIRP) acoustic reflection data to map the fault network in sediments captured within the eponymous lake at the LdMVF and combine our fault maps with the volcanic history, earthquake locations, focal mechanisms, and lacustrine magnetic data to interpret how faults and magmatism interact. Our seismic data image dominantly dip‐slip faults forming grabens within the lake, subparallel to regional faults. No indications exist in the seismic data to suggest that fault patterns were created by the volcanic system, either ring or radial faults. Fault strikes interpreted from seismic and magnetic data are consistent with mapped dike and fault orientations on land. We therefore interpret that active faults at the LdMVF are tectonic rather than volcanic in origin, forming a transtensional zone that hosts the magmatic system. However, vertical motion along a NS‐striking fault near the center of uplift suggests trapdoor‐style faulting above the volcanic center in which tectonic faults are reactivated to accommodate magmatic inflation and overlying deformation. Magnetic anomalies follow regional faults, suggesting that faults also provide migration pathways. Depositional patterns indicate a prior episode of uplift followed by quiescence, indicating that significant magmatically related uplift at the LdMVF can occur without an associated major eruption.