L1. Amenazas por procesos de tierra sólida
Nicolás Pérez‐Estay, Gonzalo Yáñez, Tomás Roquer, José Cembrano, Pablo Valdenegro, Diego Aravena, Gloria Arancibia, Diego Morata
Ciencias de la Tierra
Crustal seismicity, Transpressional and Transtensional tectonic environments, Brittle and Ductile deformation, Southern Andes, Volcanic Zone, Liquiñe Ofqui fault system
Understanding the relationship between crustal faults and volcanic activity in transpressional environments is a main goal in geosciences and could help to understand geothermal resources and evaluate geological hazards. In the Andean Southern Volcanic Zone (SVZ), Chile, recorded seismicity is scarce, and few studies have evaluated the relationship between volcanic activity and crustal faults from seismic observations. Thus, in this study, we deployed a seismic network for almost one year to understand the brittle deformation of the upper crust within the Puyuhuapi area, located at ~44°S in the SVZ. We analyzed the location and kinematics of seismicity together with previously published field structural geological data. Considering these results, we developed an integrative tectonic model for the area and discussed which faults facilitate magma transport through the crust. Our results indicate the existence of two NNE‐oriented seismogenic dextral to dextral‐reverse regional faults that generate a duplex in a continental‐scale fault setting. Inside the duplex, we observed normal to strike‐slip normal focal mechanisms which recurrently have NE‐trending nodal planes. At a regional scale, a strike‐slip tectonic environment has a N60°E/18° shortening direction and a N151°E/03° extension direction. We conclude that stratovolcanoes are located inside the duplex in a local transtensional environment where NE‐oriented normal faulting may occur. These faults facilitate magma transport since they represent the preferential orientation for dilatational fractures. Conversely, in local transpressional environments such as the Puyuhuapi fault (NNE‐oriented dextral to dextral‐reverse kinematics), only minor eruptive centers of small volume are emplaced, suggesting a less productive magma transportation process.